Allergy results from reactions between the immune system of humans and external substances. Substances may seem very harmless, but pain and irritation can cause severe discomfort. Symptoms of allergy include red eyes, itching and eczema. The common allergy is due to dust particles that come in contact with our external organs such as the eyes or nose and our internal organs like the lungs. Sometimes, a particular type of food can also be the cause of an allergy. Some allergic diseases are the result of genetic disorders. Before taking any allergy medications, it is extremely important to know the exact reason for the allergy. A number of allergy products are available on alldaychemist.com. These are the most reputable brands in the industry and provide instant relief from allergies. But we always insist that the product be checked before ordering the product online. The different types of tests that can confirm the reason for the allergic reaction are skin tests, blood tests and other tests recommended by your doctor. It would be advisable to consult an ABAI certified physician.
Allergies are atypical immune system reactions that occur in response to otherwise harmless substances. Allergy is the most prevalent disease in the world. The immune system responds to foreign microbes or particles by producing proteins called antibodies. These antibodies are able to bind to identification molecules or antigens present on the foreign particle. This reaction between antibody and antigen triggers a series of chemical reactions designed to protect the body from infection.
Sometimes this same series of reactions is triggered by harmless substances such as pollen, dust and animal dander (loose scales of the skin removed from the bodies of animals or feathers). When this happens, an allergy develops against the offending substance called “allergen”. So, an allergen is the substance that causes an allergy.
SYMPTOMS OF ALLERGIES
Symptoms of air borne allergies:
Dust, pollen, smoke, animal hair and dander can cause mild to severe coughing and sneezing in mild cases, but under extreme conditions this can lead to dangerous breathing problems such as bronchitis and seizures.
Symptoms of food allergies:
Wheezing and continuous stomach pain as well as nausea and vomiting are the major symptoms of food allergy. Symptoms similar to eczema, bronchitis and asthma can also be observed.
Symptoms of medication allergy:
Medications or antibiotics cause severe skin rashes or hives as well as itchy skin, swelling of body parts and severe conditions such as anaphylaxis.
Symptoms of allergy due to insect sting and bites:
Difficult conditions may present with symptoms of anaphylaxis, respiratory problems and urticaria. Swelling at the site of the attack is one of the most common symptoms, as well as vertigo, unconsciousness, swelling of the tongue and heart attacks are the signs that occur under extreme conditions.
Symptoms of contact dermatitis:
Symptoms include itchy red skin, small bumps that are filled with oozing fluid. One can sometimes observe various vesicles that burn.
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING
If you have an allergy, tell your doctor about your symptoms, when they occur, how often they occur, and what seems to trigger them. Then your doctor may be able to test for the allergen that causes your symptoms. The type of test that will be presented to you will depend on your symptoms, the condition of your skin and the medications you are taking at the same time.
The common test includes:
Skin prick test
The test is usually the first test performed when looking for an allergen. The skin is pitted with a small amount of the suspected allergen to see if there is a reaction. If this is the case, the skin around the sting will quickly become irritating, red and swollen.
This test is considered very safe and can be used on any age group, including babies, as it introduces a tiny amount of allergen into the skin. It is not appropriate if you have severe eczema or if you are taking antihistamines.
This test is a very useful way to measure the IgE antibodies in your blood produced by your immune system in response to a suspected allergen. The results are given on a scale of zero to six.
Blood tests are mainly useful when you are at risk for an extreme reaction or when a rare allergen is suspected.
The test is used to look for an allergen causing eczema. A very small amount of the suspected allergen is added to a special metal disc, which is then stuck to your skin for 48 hours and monitored for any reaction. This test is mainly performed in a dermatology department (skin) in a hospital.
HOW TO PREVENT ALLERGIES?
Follow proper housekeeping measures
Pay attention to pollen counts. Try to stay indoors when the number of pollen is highest, usually early in the morning. Levels are lower in the late afternoon and after heavy rain
Stay away from what causes stress In homes maintain humidity above 50 degrees Limit exposure to smoke during pregnancy, after delivery and breast feeding.